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21-06-2017 15:34

The guideline "Relapse Prevention Anorexia Nervosa" is now available in English. Its intend is to provide guidance in working with a relapse prevention plan to prevent or early detect r...

01-02-2017 10:44

Prof. dr. Annemarie van Elburg has been appointed as honorary member of the NAE for the many activities she has undertaken in her past two terms as chairman of the NAE. 07-06-2016 16:22

Personality traits and uncertainty as a predictor for eating disorders

2014-11-24 10:00:44

Food cues are all around us, and they may be causing us to eat more than we should. In the last two decades the prevalence of childhood obesity has increased dramatically all over the world, largely due to overconsumption. Understanding children's neural responses to food may help to develop better interventions for preventing or reducing this overconsumption. We wanted to examine how children’s brains react to viewing food pictures, and whether that differs from adult’s brains. To do this we performed two activation likelihood estimation (ALE) meta-analyses: one with studies in normal weight children/adolescents (aged 8–18, 8 studies) and one with studies in normal weight adults (aged 18–45, 16 studies). With an ALE meta-analysis you can determine which areas in the brain have consistently been found over studies. All studies used functional MRI to measure brain activation during food picture viewing. In children/adolescents we found clusters in the left lateral orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), the bilateral fusiform gyrus, and the right superior parietal lobule. In adults, clusters in similar areas were found. Although the number of studies for a direct statistical comparison between the groups was relatively low, there were indications that children/adolescents may not activate areas important for cognitive control. In future studies children in a narrower age-range should be directly compared to adults, as this would lead to more insights in to how food cue reactivity changes over development.

van Meer, F., van der Laan, L. N., Adan, R. A. H., Viergever, M. A., & Smeets, P. A. M. (2015). What you see is what you eat: An ALE meta-analysis of the neural correlates of food viewing in children and adolescents. Neuroimage, 104, 35-43. doi:

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